What is the regulator of financial markets? This question will be answered by different dictionaries and this one too in a different way.
The word ‘regulator’ is often confused with those who regulate (make rules) the market. This may not be entirely true as a regulator needs to make sure the rules are followed by the traders, but he/she does not directly supervise trading activities.
The role of the market regulator is quite the opposite of that of a manager in a market. He/she takes care of many things, which includes setting the prices and dividends paid out by the companies, keeping track of the trading activities of the traders, financial sector regulation of how much the banks can earn, consumer protection, and many more.
In general, the term ‘financial markets’ refers to markets in which trades are transacted. However, the term is not always used in its strict sense. Trading activities that occur in the financial markets are regulated by different authorities.
Who Regulates Markets Where İnvestments Are Traded?
Banks and other financial institutions also play a key role in financial markets and help regulate the activity. They exercise the right to set their own rates and profits and what they want is for the whole world to know. For example, interest rates set by banks are known as the central bank rates.
Those who regulate financial markets also provide many other services that were discussed above. For example, banks and credit card companies offer safe custody facilities to customers, finance companies supervise investment activities, insurance companies regulate insurance sales and reinsurance companies set reinsurance premiums.
Banking institutions that operate in the financial sector include banks, commercial banks, trust and bankers’ banks, financial institutions, money transfer, and payment service providers, and other financial institutions. They are also sometimes referred to as stockbrokers, brokers, market makers, futures brokers, foreign exchange or commodity traders, bond brokers, securities brokers, commodities brokers, financial planners, discount brokers, private equity investors, wealth managers, investment management firms, venture capitalists, private wealth advisers, and investment management consultants.
For most companies, the term ‘bank’ suggests they are safe, secure and the firms which offer high risks have to maintain it in a strict manner. Financial institutions are regulated by the Federal Reserve and other government agencies like the Securities and Exchange Commission and Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
Why and When Who Regulates Markets Where İnvestments Are Traded?
The financial market sector includes those activities that are done by banks and other financial institutions such as the retail banking industry, investment banking industry, asset management industry, stockbroker industry, commodities market, stock exchange, futures market, currency market, options market, investment management industry, managed funds industry, insurance market, market maker industry, financial market infrastructure industry, and foreign exchange market. It includes Forex, equity derivatives, commodity derivatives, exchange-traded products, financial options, mutual funds, mutual bond market, investment management, private wealth management, and fund industry. Each sector has its own rules and regulations.
Financial markets also include currency trading, fixed income market, foreign exchange market, and options trading. Trading of all these involves risks and therefore the rules are constantly being revised and updated to ensure the safety of investors and traders.
The regulators of financial markets also change their rules and regulations in accordance with changes in financial markets. Any new rules have to be implemented within the guidelines of the recently enacted laws.
Financial markets are highly regulated like all other markets and that is the reason why its market is highly liquid. Anyone can find the market for his/her investment in minutes with the click of a mouse.
The word 'regulator' is often confused with those who regulate (make rules) the market. This may not be entirely true as a regulator needs to make sure the rules are followed by the traders, but he/she does not directly supervise trading activities.
There are a wide variety of markets in which one can invest money. The main markets are stocks (equities), bonds, forex (currency), options and derivatives, and physical assets. Furthermore, within each of these types of markets, there can be even more specialty markets.
Most stocks are traded on exchanges such as the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) or the NASDAQ. Stock exchanges essentially provide the marketplace to facilitate the buying and selling of stocks among investors.
The primary market is where securities are created, while the secondary market is where those securities are traded by investors.
Based on my experience buy and hold is the most profitable in long-term, because despite high short-term gains of scalpers they rarely survive for a long time in the market. It is especially true when volatility increases and many of scalpers get out of business because of using high leverage.